Bubbles Bursting - Is FX Next?


 “When people believe that the market is overpriced and buy anyway, that’s almost THE definition of a bubble.” Robert Shiller, Yale University

“A financial bubble is characterized by trading in an asset at a price that strongly exceeds the asset’s intrinsic value.” Wikipedia

Will The FX Market Be Next?

Recently, financial markets have not been for the faint hearted. Bubble after financial bubble has burst or is deflating. When this happens, the question is always, “Will every market turn out to be a bubble?”

The simple answer is no. The FX market is not in a bubble. In fact, as per the second definition above, currencies should technically never be in a bubble, since they have no intrinsic value (no projected future cash flows).

Currency positions can get rather crowded though. FX traders are currently quite long on the euro and the UK pound, more so than at any time over the last several years, which may provide headwinds for further short-term gains in those currencies. But even the large size of those long positions, relative to the massive overall size of the FX market, should prevent the formation of any type of bubble that in time may burst. My take: I am also bullish those two currencies, but over the long-term, not necessarily over the short-term.

Bubbles Bursting and Deflating

Let’s look at the bubbles that have burst or are deflating:

  • BITCOIN and other CRYPTOCURRENCIES. Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies plunged $100 billion in a single day (February 2nd). Bitcoin sustained a peak to trough decline of 70%, falling from its December high of $19,511 to $5,922 early last week.
  • US TREASURIES. On January 19th, the yield on the 10-year jumped over 2.63% (a critical technical level). It’s now 2.92%, a whisker away from 3 percent, the level that traders around the world will be eyeing closely. Why? The US 10-Year Treasury yield is the benchmark of all benchmarks, used by investors all over the world in measuring performance, so a break above 3% could be a cascading event in overseas markets.
  • SHORT VOLATILITY IN EQUITIES. When the stock market sustained its biggest plunge in over six years, those who bought disaster protection in the VIX (the CBOE Volatility Index) had a huge payday. One Denver hedge fund pocketed $17.5 million on a $200k wager. Alternatively, being positioned short the VIX was catastrophic — the Short VIX ETF dropped in value by 90% in two days.
  • S&P 500. On January 29th the S&P peaked at 2,878. Six days later it fell to 2,531, then popped up to 2,726 the next day, before falling again to 2,531 two days later. That kind of volatility makes long-term investors finally take notice.
  • REAL ESTATE. Global real estate funds on average gained 13% last year. Since peaking on January 26th, they have dropped by 9%. 

One Bubble Still Poised To Burst

  • CREDIT. As a group, Global High Yield (aka Junk) bonds have outperformed all asset classes over the last year, aside from Developed Market Equities and Emerging Market Equities. Spreads between high-yield and investment grade bonds are at ALL-TIME lows. We’re watching. 

The FX Advantage

So, while we listen to the POP! and SQUEEK! of bubbles bursting and deflating, we should feel confident that the FX markets won’t be one of them. My take: stay the course.


The Fine Print

This article is intended for US audiences only.

©2018 SVB Financial Group. All rights reserved. Silicon Valley Bank is a member of the Federal Reserve System. Silicon Valley Bank is the California bank subsidiary of SVB Financial Group (Nasdaq: SIVB). SVB, SVB FINANCIAL GROUP, SILICON VALLEY BANK, MAKE NEXT HAPPEN NOW and the chevron device are trademarks of SVB Financial Group, used under license.

The views expressed in this column are solely those of the author and do not reflect the views of SVB Financial Group, or Silicon Valley Bank, or any of its affiliates. This material, including without limitation the statistical information herein, is provided for informational purposes only. The material is based in part upon information from third-party sources that we believe to be reliable, but which has not been independently verified by us and, as such, we do not represent that the information is accurate or complete. The information should not be viewed as tax, investment, legal or other advice nor is it to be relied on in making an investment or other decisions. You should obtain relevant and specific professional advice before making any investment decision. Nothing relating to the material should be construed as a solicitation or offer, or recommendation, to acquire or dispose of any investment or to engage in any other transaction.

Foreign exchange transactions can be highly risky, and losses may occur in short periods of time if there is an adverse movement of exchange rates. Exchange rates can be highly volatile and are impacted by numerous economic, political and social factors, as well as supply and demand and governmental intervention, control and adjustments. Investments in financial instruments carry significant risk, including the possible loss of the principal amount invested. Before entering any foreign exchange transaction, you should obtain advice from your own tax, financial, legal and other advisors, and only make investment decisions on the basis of your own objectives, experience and resources.

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About the Author

Scott Petruska is Chief Currency Strategist and senior advisor for Silicon Valley Bank’s global financial services group, and is based in Boston, MA. He advises clients on currency and interest rate hedging strategies, and helps them with other aspects of global banking. He regularly writes blogs on topics covering the global financial markets, conducts client seminars and webinars, and speaks at regional financial conferences.

Petruska has more than 30 years experience in the currency and interest rate markets, and has lived and worked in Boston, Chicago, New York City, Singapore and Tokyo. Prior to joining SVB in 2009, he worked at several large international financial institutions, including National Westminster Bank, Irving Trust, Bank of New York, State Street Bank and Commerce Bank. He has been an institutional trader, product developer, analyst, salesperson and advisor.

Petruska has been awarded several professional designations, including the CFA (Chartered Financial Analyst), FRM (Financial Risk Manager) and CMT (Certified Market Technician). He earned his undergraduate degree in Finance & Banking from the University of Wisconsin.