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Nearly two of three US startups believe that 2018 will be better than last year, and the number that plan to hire is at a five-year high. There are challenges of course, including access to talent, healthcare costs, diversity in tech leadership and — increasingly — cybersecurity and consumer privacy issues.
Business Conditions |
Hiring & Talent |
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Inching up over a year ago, 95 percent of startups believe that business conditions in 2018 will be the same as or better than 2017 for companies like theirs. Those who say it will be much better rose 4 points to 27 percent.
In 2017, 69 percent of startups surveyed successfully raised capital, and nearly one-quarter of them say the current fundraising environment is not challenging. This is a significant change from the year before, when only 12 percent said that it was not challenging to fundraise. The number who say it is extremely challenging vs. somewhat challenging dropped.
Note: Asked of private companies that successfully raised capital.
Despite an increasing number of sources from which startups raise funds to grow their businesses, including ICOs, more than half of startups say they expect to obtain their next source of funds from venture capitalists.
“Increase federal investment in startups to enable a path to market for high-risk technologies.”
—President, hardware company,
Menlo Park, California
Note: Asked of private companies that successfully raised capital. Other sources of funding include bank debt, IPO, merger, government grants and crowd funding and represented 15% in 2016, 10% in 2017 and 11% in 2018.
With an improved outlook for IPOs, there is a small increase in the number of startups that eventually expect to go public. Acquisition, however, has long been the most common path to exit, and an overwhelming number of startups continue to believe that they will be acquired. Abundant access to private capital and the challenges of operating a public company influence startups’ decisions to be acquired or remain private.
More than 90 percent of startups believe that there will be as many or more mergers and acquisitions in 2018 as in 2017.
Startups are growing. More than 80 percent say they are adding employees, while just 1 percent plan to cut their workforces in 2018. The top three job descriptions that startups are seeking to fill are product development, technical positions and sales.
While startups plan to hire, most continue to find it somewhat challenging or extremely challenging to find workers with the skills necessary to grow their businesses. The number of STEM — science, technology, engineering and mathematics — graduates is increasing slowly, and the newest technologies require specialized engineers and data scientists, who are in short supply.
“We need faster and different ways to accelerate education for technical talent. Cybersecurity and coding are the new shop class.”
—CEO, security software company,
Seven in 10 startups have no women on their board of directors, and more than half have no women in executive positions. The number of startups that say they have programs in place to increase the number of women in leadership, however, has jumped significantly, from 25 percent to 41 percent.
In this year’s survey, significantly more startups say access to talent is the most important public policy issue affecting companies like theirs. The focus on healthcare costs for employees remains in the No. 2 spot, and the percentage naming it a top issue has increased. Consumer privacy is among the top five policy issues, along with cybersecurity and corporate taxes.
“There is fierce competition for technical talent, driving up salaries and making it difficult for small companies to compete.”
—Co-founder/CEO, enterprise software company,
Note: Respondents could choose up to three responses.
Nearly one-third of startups, ranging from pre-revenue to more than $25 million in annual revenue, say laws and regulations prompted them to locate facilities or move nonsales operations outside the US. The biggest driver is US immigration policy, followed by tax policy and the regulatory environment. With more than half of startups reporting that at least one founder is an immigrant, the innovation economy is deeply affected by US immigration policy.
“The US has succeeded in tech due to our ability to attract the world’s
best and brightest. We need policies that encourage that to continue.”
—Co-founder/CEO, digital technology company,
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