Short-term liquidity options: what are your choices?

When you need cash—to seal a real estate deal, manage one of life’s “not-so-little” emergencies, or pay for a wedding or a once-in-a-lifetime vacation—what’s the best course of action? If you’re tempted to reach for a credit card to get the cash you need, you may want to reconsider. There may be other, better ways to meet your personal liquidity needs.

Look first at the amount, speed, and cost

How much money you need (amount), how quickly you need it (speed), and how much you’re willing to pay to get it (cost) are the three factors that will help you identify the right source of cash for your situation, according to Charles Nilsen, Executive Vice President, National Director of Residential and Personal Lending at SVB Private. As the table below illustrates, these factors vary greatly among the choices you can make.

Unsecured lending may be an option for Boston Private clients. Check with your Boston Private advisor to learn more.

If the amount you need is small and you need it quickly—to replace a faulty air conditioning system or to pay for a summer-long rental at the beach, for example—the fast, easy solution is to tap into the cash in your checking, non-retirement savings accounts, or money market funds. Or this might be the right time to use some of the cash you’ve been accumulating in your emergency or rainy day fund.

On the other hand, you could use a credit card cash advance. Just remember, while this is another easy way to get cash fast, the interest rates for borrowing from a card tend to be extremely high, often at usury rates of 18% or higher.

“The cheapest, easiest source of liquidity will always be your cash on hand,” says Nilsen. “But most people don't keep a significant amount of money just lying around. They prefer to keep those assets invested.” That’s why you may need to explore other options, he says.

Check the impact on your goals and taxes too

When you look at all of your cash options—and their speed, cost, and amounts available—don’t forget to consider the paperwork involved, the payback terms (and any penalties for early repayment), tax consequences, and how using a particular cash source might affect your other financial goals too.

Borrowing against assets you already own through a portfolio-secured line of credit, a home equity line of credit (HELOC), a margin account, or a mortgage refinance with cash out may provide you with a much larger amount of cash, at a reasonable borrowing cost, without reducing the long-term value of those assets or compromising your other financial goals.

The only drawback: Most of these asset-based options are not particularly speedy solutions. "However, if you open a secured line of credit now, you’ll have immediate access to larger amounts of cash in the future, so that’s a consideration too", says Nilsen.

Also important to remember: While a margin loan also offers fast access to cash at reasonable rates (so you can avoid having to sell securities outright), it is based on the value of your investments. So if the market tumbles, you may need to pay your money back more quickly due to a “margin call.”

Combining cash sources may offer a solution too

Depending on the reason you need the money, a combination of cash sources might work well too.

Nilsen offers a hypothetical example to show how using two cash sources could help a young couple purchase real estate in a highly competitive real estate market like San Francisco, Boston, or Los Angeles. “With so much competition in these areas, they're apt to have a better shot at getting the house they want, if they pay cash for the property and close quickly,” he explains.

In a scenario like this, the steps might be as follows:

  1. The couple’s parents agree to help them make a cash offer for the home so they can seal the deal with the seller.
  2. Once the offer is accepted (and because the cash payment might be substantial) the parents access the cash the couple needs at the closing by using a line of credit secured by their investment portfolio.
  3. When the sale is done, the young couple, if qualified, may take the final step to repay their parents by completing an “all cash-out refinance.” With this type of financing, the cash proceeds from the new mortgage would go to the new owners to use as repayment.

How SVB Private can help

Clearly, there are many sources of cash to meet short-term liquidity needs and many combinations of sources that might be used to create timely, cost-effective solutions. To zero-in on the best ones for your situation:

  • Focus first on the three key considerations for accessing that cash—amount, speed, and cost.
  • Then look at other factors, like goals, payback terms, and taxes that can influence your choice.

Your SVB Private Wealth advisor can take you through this decision-making process and review the cash/liquidity options that are available to you from SVB Private and your other financial partners.

The views expressed in the article are those of the author and/or person interviewed and do not necessarily reflect the views of Silicon Valley Bank, a division of First-Citizens Bank and First Citizens BancShares, Inc. The materials on this website are for informational purposes only, are subject to change and do not take into account your particular investment objective, financial situation or need. Since each client’s situation is unique, you should consult your financial advisor and/or tax planning professional before acting on any information provided herein.